World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Bosnia and Herzegovina

Economy



GDP (purchasing power parity)


$40.53 billion (2015 est.)
$39.43 billion (2014 est.)
$39.01 billion (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate)


$15.79 billion (2015 est.)


GDP - real growth rate


2.8% (2015 est.)
1.1% (2014 est.)
2.4% (2013 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP)


$10,500 (2015 est.)
$10,200 (2014 est.)
$10,100 (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars


Gross national saving


10.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
10.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use


household consumption: 80.9%
government consumption: 21.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18.6%
investment in inventories: 1.3%
exports of goods and services: 32.8%
imports of goods and services: -55.1% (2014 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin


agriculture: 7.9%
industry: 26.5%
services: 65.6% (2015 est.)


Agriculture - products


wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock


Industries


steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining


Industrial production growth rate


3.2% (2015 est.)


Labor force


1.47 million (2015 est.)


Labor force - by occupation


agriculture: 19%
industry: 30%
services: 51% (2013)


Unemployment rate


43.2% (2015 est.)
43.9% (2014 est.)
note: official rate; actual rate is lower as many technically unemployed persons work in the gray economy


Population below poverty line


17.2% (2011 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share


lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 27.3% (2007)


Distribution of family income - Gini index


36.2 (2007)


Budget


revenues: $7.606 billion
expenditures: $7.933 billion (2015 est.)


Taxes and other revenues


48.2% of GDP (2015 est.)


Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)


-2.1% of GDP (2015 est.)


Public debt


46.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions


Fiscal year


calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices)


-1% (2015 est.)
-0.9% (2014 est.)


Central bank discount rate


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Commercial bank prime lending rate


5.79% (31 December 2015 est.)
6.64% (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of narrow money


$4.554 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$4.538 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of broad money


$9.223 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$10.72 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of domestic credit


$9.389 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$10.23 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares


$NA


Current account balance


-$1.078 billion (2015 est.)
-$1.45 billion (2014 est.)


Exports


$3.95 billion (2015 est.)
$4.489 billion (2014 est.)


Exports - commodities


metals, clothing, wood products


Exports - partners


Slovenia 16.5%, Italy 15.9%, Germany 12.1%, Croatia 11.5%, Austria 11.1%, Turkey 5.2% (2015)


Imports


$8.173 billion (2015 est.)
$9.982 billion (2014 est.)


Imports - commodities


machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs


Imports - partners


Croatia 19.3%, Germany 13.9%, Slovenia 13.8%, Italy 10.9%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.2%, Turkey 4.5% (2015)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold


$4.791 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$4.858 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Debt - external


$9.597 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$10.59 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home


$7.92 billion (2014 est.)
$7.721 billion (2013 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad


$0 (2014)


Exchange rates


konvertibilna markas (BAM) per US dollar -
1.7626 (2015 est.)
1.4742 (2014 est.)
1.4718 (2013 est.)
1.52 (2012 est.)
1.407 (2011 est.)







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