World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Niue

Geography



Location


Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga


Geographic coordinates


19 02 S, 169 52 W


Map references


Oceania


Area


total: 260 sq km
land: 260 sq km
water: 0 sq km


Area - comparative


1.5 times the size of Washington, DC


Land boundaries


0 km


Coastline


64 km


Maritime claims


territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


Climate


tropical; modified by southeast trade winds


Terrain


steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau


Elevation


mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation near Mutalau settlement 68 m


Natural resources


fish, arable land


Land use


agricultural land: 19.1%
arable land 3.8%; permanent crops 11.5%; permanent pasture 3.8%
forest: 71.2%
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)


Irrigated land


0 sq km (2012)


Population - distribution


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Natural hazards


typhoons


Environment - current issues


increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture


Environment - international agreements


party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection


Geography - note


one of world's largest coral islands







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