World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Portugal

Economy



GDP (purchasing power parity)


$289.8 billion (2015 est.)
$285.6 billion (2014 est.)
$283 billion (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars


GDP (official exchange rate)


$199.1 billion (2015 est.)


GDP - real growth rate


1.5% (2015 est.)
0.9% (2014 est.)
-1.1% (2013 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP)


$27,800 (2015 est.)
$27,500 (2014 est.)
$27,100 (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars


Gross national saving


15.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
15.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
16% of GDP (2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use


household consumption: 65.9%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 40.3%
imports of goods and services: -39.6% (2015 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin


agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 21.9%
services: 75.9% (2015 est.)


Agriculture - products


grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish


Industries


textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper and pulp, chemicals, lubricants, automobiles and auto parts, base metals, minerals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; dairy products, wine, other foodstuffs; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism, plastics, financial services, optics


Industrial production growth rate


1% (2015 est.)


Labor force


5.195 million (2015 est.)


Labor force - by occupation


agriculture: 8.6%
industry: 23.9%
services: 67.5% (2014 est.)


Unemployment rate


12.4% (2015 est.)
13.9% (2014 est.)


Population below poverty line


18.7% (2012 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share


lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.)


Distribution of family income - Gini index


34.2 (2013 est.)
34.2 (2012 est.)


Budget


revenues: $87.3 billion
expenditures: $96.05 billion (2015 est.)


Taxes and other revenues


43.9% of GDP (2015 est.)


Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)


-4.4% of GDP (2015 est.)


Public debt


129% of GDP (2015 est.)
130.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions


Fiscal year


calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices)


0.5% (2015 est.)
-0.2% (2014 est.)


Central bank discount rate


0.05% (31 December 2014)
0.25% (31 December 2013)
note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area


Commercial bank prime lending rate


4.49% (31 December 2015 est.)
5.3% (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of narrow money


$72.29 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$66.76 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
note: see entry for the European Union for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders


Stock of broad money


$296.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$316.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)


Stock of domestic credit


$326.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$364.9 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares


$126.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$57.04 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$65.53 billion (31 December 2013 est.)


Current account balance


$901 million (2015 est.)
$280 million (2014 est.)


Exports


$54.33 billion (2015 est.)
$62.72 billion (2014 est.)


Exports - commodities


agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals


Exports - partners


Spain 25%, France 12.1%, Germany 11.8%, UK 6.7%, US 5.2%, Angola 4.2%, Netherlands 4% (2015)


Imports


$64.49 billion (2015 est.)
$75.29 billion (2014 est.)


Imports - commodities


agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semiconductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials


Imports - partners


Spain 32.9%, Germany 12.9%, France 7.4%, Italy 5.4%, Netherlands 5.1% (2015)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold


$19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$19.62 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Debt - external


$493.7 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$531.6 billion (31 December 2013 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home


$138.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$153.7 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad


$87.44 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$95.58 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Exchange rates


euros (EUR) per US dollar -
0.885 (2015 est.)
0.7525 (2014 est.)
0.7634 (2013 est.)
0.78 (2012 est.)
0.7185 (2011 est.)







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