World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Portugal

People and Society



Population


10,833,816 (July 2016 est.)


Nationality


noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese


Ethnic groups


homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal


Languages


Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)


Religions


Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
note: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)


Demographic profile


0-14 years: 15.5% (male 874,807/female 804,483)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 655,234/female 579,669)
25-54 years: 41.88% (male 2,300,872/female 2,236,077)
55-64 years: 12.07% (male 610,886/female 697,287)
65 years and over: 19.15% (male 849,506/female 1,224,995) (2016 est.)



Age structure


total dependency ratio: 53.5%
youth dependency ratio: 21.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 31.9%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)


Dependency ratios


total: 41.8 years
male: 39.8 years
female: 44 years (2016 est.)


Median age


0.07% (2016 est.)


Population growth rate


9.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Birth rate


11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Death rate


2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Net migration rate


concentrations are primarily along or near the Atlantic coast; both Lisbon and the second largest city, Porto, are coastal cities


Population distribution


urban population: 63.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Urbanization


LISBON (capital) 2.884 million; Porto 1.299 million (2015)


Major urban areas - population


at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)


Sex ratio


total: 41.8 years
male: 39.8 years
female: 44 years (2016 est.)


Maternal mortality rate


10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)


Infant mortality rate


total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)


Life expectancy at birth


total population: 79.3 years
male: 76.1 years
female: 82.8 years (2016 est.)


Total fertility rate


1.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate


86.8% (2005/06)


Health expenditures


9.5% of GDP (2014)


Physicians density


4.1 physicians/1,000 population (2012)


Hospital bed density


3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)


Drinking water source


improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)


Sanitation facility access


improved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99.8% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0.2% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


NA


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


NA


HIV/AIDS - deaths


NA


Major infectious diseases


22.1% (2014)


Obesity - adult prevalence rate


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


5.1% of GDP (2011)


Education expenditures


total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2014)


Literacy


total: 34.8%
male: 34.2%
female: 35.4% (2014 est.)







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