World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Senegal

Geography



Location


Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania


Geographic coordinates


14 00 N, 14 00 W


Map references


Africa


Area


total: 196,722 sq km
land: 192,530 sq km
water: 4,192 sq km


Area - comparative


slightly smaller than South Dakota


Land boundaries


total: 2,684 km
border countries (5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km


Coastline


531 km


Maritime claims


territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin


Climate


tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind


Terrain


generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast


Elevation


mean elevation: 69 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation southwest of Kedougou 581 m


Natural resources


fish, phosphates, iron ore


Land use


agricultural land: 46.8%
arable land 17.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 29.1%
forest: 43.8%
other: 9.4% (2011 est.)


Irrigated land


1,200 sq km (2012)


Population - distribution


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Natural hazards


lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts


Environment - current issues


wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing


Environment - international agreements


party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


Geography - note


westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal







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