World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Senegal

People and Society



Population


14,320,055 (July 2016 est.)


Nationality


noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese


Ethnic groups


Wolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, other 9.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 est.)


Languages


French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka


Religions


Muslim 95.4% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 est.)


Demographic profile


0-14 years: 41.85% (male 3,011,233/female 2,981,128)
15-24 years: 20.36% (male 1,452,415/female 1,462,989)
25-54 years: 30.93% (male 2,031,035/female 2,398,788)
55-64 years: 3.91% (male 242,429/female 317,439)
65 years and over: 2.95% (male 189,201/female 233,398) (2016 est.)



Age structure


total dependency ratio: 87.6%
youth dependency ratio: 82.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5%
potential support ratio: 18.2% (2015 est.)


Dependency ratios


total: 18.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)


Median age


2.42% (2016 est.)


Population growth rate


34 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Birth rate


8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Death rate


-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Net migration rate


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Population distribution


urban population: 43.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Urbanization


DAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)


Major urban areas - population


at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)


Sex ratio


total: 18.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)


Maternal mortality rate


315 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)


Infant mortality rate


total: 50.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)


Life expectancy at birth


total population: 61.7 years
male: 59.7 years
female: 63.8 years (2016 est.)


Total fertility rate


4.36 children born/woman (2016 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate


17.8% (2012/13)


Health expenditures


4.7% of GDP (2014)


Physicians density


0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)


Hospital bed density


0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)


Drinking water source


improved:
urban: 92.9% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 78.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.1% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 21.5% of population (2015 est.)


Sanitation facility access


improved:
urban: 65.4% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34.6% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


0.52% (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


45,800 (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - deaths


2,200 (2015 est.)


Major infectious diseases


8.3% (2014)


Obesity - adult prevalence rate


12.8% (2014)


Children under the age of 5 years underweight


5.6% of GDP (2010)


Education expenditures


total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2010)


Literacy


total: 12.7%
male: 8.3%
female: 19% (2011 est.)







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