World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Syria

Economy



GDP (purchasing power parity)


$55.8 billion (2014 est.)
$61.9 billion (2013 est.)
$97.5 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2014 US dollars
the war-driven deterioration of the economy resulted in a disappearance of quality national level statistics in the 2012-13 period


GDP (official exchange rate)


$24.6 billion (2014 est.)


GDP - real growth rate


-9.9% (2015 est.)
-36.5% (2014 est.)
-30.9% (2013 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP)


$5,100 (2011 est.)
$5,100 (2010 est.)
$5,200 (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars


Gross national saving


20% of GDP (2015 est.)
18.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
14.9% of GDP (2013 est.)


GDP - composition, by end use


household consumption: 63.4%
government consumption: 22.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.2%
investment in inventories: 10.9%
exports of goods and services: 9.1%
imports of goods and services: -25.1% (2015 est.)


GDP - composition, by sector of origin


agriculture: 19.5%
industry: 18.9%
services: 61.6% (2015 est.)


Agriculture - products


wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk


Industries


petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, automobile assembly


Industrial production growth rate


-4.8% (2015 est.)


Labor force


3.577 million (2015 est.)


Labor force - by occupation


agriculture: 17%
industry: 16%
services: 67% (2008 est.)


Unemployment rate


50% (2015 est.)
57.7% (2014 est.)


Population below poverty line


82.5% (2014 est.)


Household income or consumption by percentage share


lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%


Distribution of family income - Gini index


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Budget


revenues: $3.9 billion
expenditures: $5.7 billion
note: government projections for FY2016


Taxes and other revenues


15.9% of GDP (2016 est.)


Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)


-7.3% of GDP (2016 est.)


Public debt


52% of GDP (2015 est.)
48.8% of GDP (2014 est.)


Fiscal year


calendar year


Inflation rate (consumer prices)


38.1% (2015 est.)
29.2% (2014 est.)


Central bank discount rate


0.75% (31 December 2015)
5% (31 December 2014)


Commercial bank prime lending rate


27% (31 December 2015 est.)
18.5% (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of narrow money


$5.254 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$6.718 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of broad money


$11.05 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$12.71 billion (31 December 2013 est.)


Stock of domestic credit


$5.285 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$8.6 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Market value of publicly traded shares


$NA


Current account balance


-$3.148 billion (2015 est.)
-$3.667 billion (2014 est.)


Exports


$2.14 billion (2015 est.)
$3.015 billion (2014 est.)


Exports - commodities


crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat


Exports - partners


Iraq 64.7%, Saudi Arabia 11.2%, Kuwait 7.1%, UAE 6.1%, Libya 4.6% (2015)


Imports


$6.663 billion (2015 est.)
$8.028 billion (2014 est.)


Imports - commodities


machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper


Imports - partners


Saudi Arabia 28%, UAE 13.7%, Iran 10.1%, Turkey 9%, Iraq 8.3%, China 6.1% (2015)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold


$772.9 million (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.428 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Debt - external


$5.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$4.597 billion (31 December 2014 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad


The CIA World Factbook still doesn't have data about this issue for this country or territory.

Exchange rates


Syrian pounds (SYP) per US dollar -
236.41 (2015 est.)
153.695 (2014 est.)
153.695 (2013 est.)
64.39 (2012 est.)
48.371 (2011 est.)







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