World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Bosnia and Herzegovina

People and Society



Population


3,861,912 (July 2016 est.)


Nationality


noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian


Ethnic groups


Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)


Languages


Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)


Religions


Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)


Demographic profile


0-14 years: 13.36% (male 266,389/female 249,425)
15-24 years: 11.97% (male 238,682/female 223,599)
25-54 years: 46.2% (male 896,760/female 887,407)
55-64 years: 14.43% (male 267,628/female 289,464)
65 years and over: 14.05% (male 212,574/female 329,984) (2016 est.)



Age structure


total dependency ratio: 40.7%
youth dependency ratio: 19%
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7%
potential support ratio: 4.6% (2015 est.)


Dependency ratios


total: 41.7 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.1 years (2016 est.)


Median age


-0.14% (2016 est.)


Population growth rate


8.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Birth rate


9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Death rate


-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Net migration rate


the northern and central areas of the country are the most densely populated


Population distribution


urban population: 39.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Urbanization


SARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015)


Major urban areas - population


at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)


Sex ratio


total: 41.7 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.1 years (2016 est.)


Maternal mortality rate


11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)


Infant mortality rate


total: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)


Life expectancy at birth


total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 80 years (2016 est.)


Total fertility rate


1.28 children born/woman (2016 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate


45.8% (2011/12)


Health expenditures


9.6% of GDP (2014)


Physicians density


1.93 physicians/1,000 population (2013)


Hospital bed density


3.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)


Drinking water source


improved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)


Sanitation facility access


improved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 94.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 5.2% of population (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


NA


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


NA


HIV/AIDS - deaths


NA


Major infectious diseases


19.2% (2014)


Obesity - adult prevalence rate


1.5% (2012)


Children under the age of 5 years underweight


NA


Education expenditures


total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)


Literacy


total: 62.8%
male: 62.8%
female: 62.8% (2012 est.)







© Copyright 2016 Oratlas