World Factbook Deluxe Version
A deluxe version of the CIA World Factbook





Syria

People and Society



Population


17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)


Nationality


noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian


Ethnic groups


Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%


Languages


Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English


Religions


Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)


Demographic profile


0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166)
15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814)
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406)
55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525)
65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)



Age structure


total dependency ratio: 70%
youth dependency ratio: 63.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9%
potential support ratio: 14.5% (2015 est.)


Dependency ratios


total: 24.1 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.6 years (2016 est.)


Median age


1.56% (2016 est.)


Population growth rate


21.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Birth rate


4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Death rate


-2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)


Net migration rate


significant population density along the Mediterranean coast; larger concentrations found in the major cities of Damascus, Aleppo (the country's largest city), and Hims (Homs); more than half of the population lives in the coastal plain, the province of Aleppo, and the Euphrates River valley


Population distribution


urban population: 57.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Urbanization


Aleppo 3.562 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.566 million; Hims (Homs) 1.641 million; Hamah 1.237 million; Lattakia 781,000 (2015)


Major urban areas - population


at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)


Sex ratio


total: 24.1 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.6 years (2016 est.)


Maternal mortality rate


68 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)


Infant mortality rate


total: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)


Life expectancy at birth


total population: 74.9 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)


Total fertility rate


2.55 children born/woman (2016 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate


53.9% (2009/10)


Health expenditures


3.3% of GDP (2014)


Physicians density


1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)


Hospital bed density


1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)


Drinking water source


improved:
urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)


Sanitation facility access


improved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


0.01% (2014 est.)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


900 (2014 est.)


HIV/AIDS - deaths


less than 100 (2014 est.)


Major infectious diseases


21.6% (2014)


Obesity - adult prevalence rate


10.1% (2009)


Children under the age of 5 years underweight


5.1% of GDP (2009)


Education expenditures


total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)


Literacy


total: 35.8%
male: 26.6%
female: 71.1% (2011 est.)







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